Packaging films HDPE Melting point: 120-140°C 2. Polypropylene- Is it different from HDPE? Density measures the mass per unit volume.It is calculated by dividing the mass of the material by the volume and is normally expressed in g/cm 3. With a … Oil and gas lines Office furniture However, recent innovations have … The Plastic Sheeting Gurus! High-density polyethylene or HDPE is a commonly used petroleum thermoplastic and the most used of the three polyethylenes for a wide range of applications. 1155 Sixteenth Street, NW, Washington, DC 20036, USA | email@example.com | 1-800-333-9511 (US and Canada) | 614-447-3776 (outside North America), Copyright © 2020 American Chemical Society. In less than a year, Hogan and Banks developed a new process that required only a few hundred psi — and produced a high-density polyethylene (HDPE) far stiffer, harder and more heat-resistant than anything on the market. It is resistant to organic solvents, degreasing agents, acids, and electrolytic attack, and is a lightweight … The toy's popularity continued long enough for Phillips to improve the production process and expand the number of available product grades. Reservoirs, Fuel Tanks Hogan received a B.S. This new discovery launched Phillips into an entirely new industry: The manufacture of a family of polyolefin plastics that included both the polypropylenes and polyethylenes. ACS is committed to helping combat the global COVID-19 pandemic with initiatives and free resources. Now offered virtually. After their discovery of polypropylene and the development of HDPE, the two men continued to make important contributions. The properties of polypropylene depend on the molecular weight and molecular weight distribution, crystallinity, type and proportion of comonomer (if used) and the isotacticity. The two researchers found the catalyst that would transform ethylene and propylene into solid polymers. In time, Marlex® also became the preferred plastic for baby bottles (because of its ability to withstand the high temperatures of sterilization) and for safe, shatterproof containers for food and other household products. ACS-Hach Programs Transparent sleeves Density Differences: Several things differentiate polypropylene from HDPE. In 1983, an appellate court ruled that the patent did indeed belong to J. Paul Hogan, Robert L. Banks and the Phillips Petroleum Company. Hogan was born in 1919 and spent his childhood in southwestern Kentucky, near the small town of Lowes. Outdoor furniture High-density polyethylene (HDPE) is used for milk cartons, fuel tanks and pipes. Take action: Nominate a Landmark and Contact the NHCL Coordinator. Tags: Polypropylene and High-density Polyethylene. During World War II, Banks worked as a process engineer at an aviation gasoline plant in Coffeyville, Kansas, and Hogan became an instructor at an Army preflight school in Oklahoma. Woven bags, Cable jacketing You'll find 10 different sizes of our 2 Mil Clear High Density Layflat Poly Bags in stock. Density is the first factor. With full support from Phillips management, Hogan and Banks quickly switched their research efforts from gasoline production to the development of plastics. Advance your career with professional development courses. Explore chemistry education resources by topic that support distance learning. Pond and canal liners, Appliance housings The key people at Phillips had little, if any, experience with plastics. Polypropylene has a relatively slippery surface. Yes it is. Adapted for the internet from “Discovery of Polypropylene and the Development of a New High-density Polyethylene,” produced by the National Historic Chemical Landmarks program of the American Chemical Society in 1999. Pharmaceutical bottles Polypropylene is in many aspects similar to polyethylene, especially in solution behaviour and electrical properties. HDPE has a working temperature of 212 degrees F to 200 degrees F. Polypropylene has a melting point between 266 degrees F to 340 degrees F. Polypropylene has good chemical resistance like HDPE but it has poor UV resistance -unless it is stabilized with additives. degree from the University of Missouri-Rolla and an M.S. This discovery led to the development of a new catalytic process for the making of high-density polyethylene. Phillips Petroleum Company Senior Vice President John Mihm, J. Paul Hogan, ACS President Ed Wasserman, and Phillips Executive Vice President for Downstream Technology Bill Z. Parker during the National Historic Chemical Landmark plaque presentation. Polypropylene sheet exhibits high corrosion resistance, temperature resistance, and chemical resistance. Polypropylene is one of … High Density Poly Ethylene (HDPE) is a thermoplastic polymer made from petroleum. This thermoplastic is made from a string of ethylene molecules (hence, the poly part of polyethylene), and … It has high-density polyethylene, unlike polypropylene and cannot withstand normally-required autoclaving … Both men climbed the Phillips ladder, achieving the level of senior research associate. It is said that PP has an intermediate level of crystallinity between low density polyethylene (LDPE) and high density polyethylene (HDPE); On the other hand PP has higher working temperatures and tensile … Bumpers Funding to support the advancement of the chemical sciences through research projects. It was believed for many years that Prof. Ziegler and Italian scientist Giulio Natta were responsible for the discovery, because they had been the first to publish their findings — and because they had received the Nobel Prize for their work on these polymers. Hogan and Banks were assigned to study the processes by which these gases could be converted into gasoline components. Explore Career Options High density polyethylene (HDPE) offers superior corrosion resistance, a higher working temperature range, and higher tensile strength over Low density polyethylene (LDPE). In 1951, polymer chemistry was still in its infancy. Tubing and catheters, Highway barriers It protects the environment by forming a chemical-resistant barrier to prevent the pollution of soil and groundwater by the liquid constituents of solid waste. The hula hoop craze helped pave the way for more practical uses, such as commercial and industrial tubing. Tapes Slip-lining for sewers But high-density polyethylene (or HDPE) plastic has been courting my favor recently. With large quantities of natural gas on hand, Phillips chemists and engineers investigated ways to utilize propylene and ethylene, products of the refining process. In 1925, research director George Oberfell convinced founder Frank Phillips to investigate additional uses for natural gas liquids. Explore the interesting world of science with articles, videos and more. American Chemical Society National Historic Chemical Landmarks. Under-hood reservoirs Box 8313 Chula Vista, CA 91912 866.597.9298 Warehouse & Sales Office: 1548 JayKen Way, Units C & D, Chula Vista, CA 91911 © 2008-2019 www.globalplasticsheeting.com. In isotactic polypropylene, for example, the methyl groups are oriented on one side of the car… Watercraft components, It is hard to do justice to plastic because it serves so many functions, assumes so many guises, satisfies so many desires, and so quickly recedes into relative invisibility as long as it does its job well. However, HDPE is less flexible than low density … Excellent resistance to most solvents 2. “Discovery of Polypropylene and the Development of a New High-Density Polyethylene” commemorative booklet produced by the National Historic Chemical Landmarks program of the American Chemical Society in 1999 (PDF). Bottles and containers In 1949, they began their now famous collaboration. High Density Polyethylene is known for it's … Household product bottles The turnaround came from an unlikely source — a large ring of plastic tubing called the hula hoop. Uncover the Chemistry in Everyday Life, Recognizing and celebrating excellence in chemistry and celebrate your achievements. Considering their similar backgrounds, it seems fitting that J. Paul Hogan (1919-2012) and Robert L. Banks (1921-1989) would eventually come together as a team. polypropylene, because of its lower density is used for molding parts with lower weight and more parts of a certain mass of plastic can be produced. They are used in medical care and in public health and are essential materials in a variety of manufacturing industries and consumer-product companies. Toys Stock items ship within 24 hours. HDPE is a very versatile plastic that has a wide … Hogan and Banks retired in the same year, 1985. Hogan and Banks were looking at a new polymer: crystalline polypropylene. Density of HDPE: 0.93 to 0.97 g/cm3 3. The Phillips Petroleum Company Hydrocarbon Research Laboratory in 1927. A lot of empiricism and some serendipity is needed for success in the field of industrial catalysis... serendipity in science ripens into fruition only when the unexpected phenomenon is observed by a scientist with a large bump of curiosity...". Previously, HDPE could only be welded together by melting the surface of the HDPE. ACS Professional Education Polypropylene is very … New Address , Business Hours: 8:00 AM - 5 PM PST, fire retardant black plastic for haunted houses. The two grew up in small towns barely 100 miles apart. Microwave cookware, Food and drink containers In 1958, the U.S. Patent Office declared an interference, a proceeding in which it heard evidence regarding the claims of these and two additional companies. Banks received a B.S. But the chromium had produced a white, solid material. After the war ended, both men joined Phillips as research chemists — Hogan in 1944 and Banks in 1946. But the company had a history of trying new ideas and supporting and funding their development. Like HDPE it has a wide variety of applications such as packaging, labeling, textiles, ropes, stationery, automotive components and more. High-density polyethylene plastic is used for a variety of purposes, including watercraft. High Density Polyethylene Chemical resistance: 1. Writing instruments, Classroom and stadium seating Chemistry at Home Pavement underliners, Chemical toilets The American Chemical Society designated the discovery of polypropylene and the development of a new high-density polyethylene process as a National Historic Chemical Landmark at Phillips Petroleum Company (now ConocoPhillips Company), on November 12, 1999… Landfill liners Posted by If you look at this plastic under a … Banks' mother, Maude, was a music teacher before she married. Continuous temperature: -50°C to +60°C, Relatively stiff material with useful temperature capabilities 5. it is a thermoplast polymer which is made from a monomer called propylene. Crates and trays HDPE, Global Plastic Sheeting, Inc. Mailing Address: P.O. The methyl group improves mechanical properties and thermal resistance, although the chemical resistance decreases. Hogan said his reaction was immediate: He sat down at his desk and wrote up a patent idea, and he and Banks both signed it. Fender liners Two years later, they received the Society of Chemical Industry's Perkin Medal for their contributions to chemistry. http://www.acs.org/content/acs/en/education/whatischemistry/landmarks/polypropylene.html (accessed Month Day, Year). Collaborate with scientists in your field of chemistry and stay current in your area of specialization. Back to National Historic Chemical Landmarks Main Page. The plastics that resulted — crystalline polypropylene and high-density polyethylene (HDPE) — are now the core of a multibillion-dollar, global industry. In a little more than a century, plastics have spread throughout the material world, moving from almost no presence at all to near ubiquity.”, — Jeffrey L. Meikle, American Plastic: A Cultural History. High Density Polyethylene is known for it's big strength-to-density ratio. Reactions: Chemistry Science Videos & Infographics High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) Sheet This sheet can be heat formed, shaped, and welded … Portable gas cans Not only is it one of … Density is the first factor. Running inside, they saw that the nickel oxide had produced the expected liquids. Notebook binders, Geotextiles for erosion Phillips introduced HDPE in 1954, under the brand name Marlex® polyethylene. Hogan continued to develop the chromium catalyst for ethylene polymerization and led a research team dedicated to exploring chromium catalysts. HDPE can be more rigid as a result. American Association of Chemistry Teachers, Reactions: Chemistry Science Videos & Infographics, Uses for Polypropylene and High-density Polyethylene (HDPE), Patent Litigation of Catalytic Polymerization of Propylene, Discovery of Polypropylene and High-Density Polyethylene. Learn More. In June 1951, they set up an experiment in which they modified their original catalyst (nickel oxide) to include small amounts of chromium oxide. Wire insulation, Binders Company marketing executives were wildly optimistic, expecting that the product would be a big hit and that the Phillips would not be able to keep it on the shelves. It is sometimes called "alkathene" or "polythene" when used for HDPE pipes. Network with colleagues and access the latest research in your field. Indeed, the court's decision contained what may be the most complete scientific record of a crystalline material. It is a thermoplastic with a very high strength to density ratio. For your security, this online session is about to end due to inactivity. High-density polyethylene or polyethylene high-density is a thermoplastic polymer produced from the monomer ethylene. The patent was issued 32 years later. Polypropylene (PP) is a linear hydrocarbon polymer, expressed as CnH2n. Plastic refers to a group of synthetic … Extrusions: Sheet, Polypropylene (PP), High Density manufacturers, service companies and distributors are listed in this trusted and comprehensive vertical portal. Like PET, it is also considered … The density of polypropylene is between 0.895 and 0.92 g/cm². — P. M. Arnold, Vice President, Phillips R&D, The Chemist, April 1971. High density polyethylene, often abbreviated to HDPE, is a polymer whose monomer is ethylene. A lot has been written about both HDPE and Polypropylene. Like HDPE it is rugged and usually resists man chemical solvents and acids. Let ACS help you navigate your career journey with tools, personal coaching and networking. In the course of these investigations, Hogan and Banks began to study catalysts and what makes them work. It is important to note that density varies with temperature. Though polyethylene had been invented in the 1930s (by the British company Imperial Chemical Industries), the production process required extreme pressures of 20 to 30 thousand pounds per square inch (psi), and it produced a branched, low-density polymer. Find awards and scholarships advancing diversity in the chemical sciences. Food packaging 1. Phillips Petroleum Company in Bartlesville, Oklahoma, entered the plastics business in 1951, following a discovery by researchers J. Paul Hogan and Robert L. Banks. Yes, I love polypropylene and polyester and silicones and all sorts of other plastics. High-density polyethylene plastic is used for purposes that require a greater tensile strength than that found in … Water bottles and coolers These polymers have become an integral part of our everyday lives. High Density Polyethylene Sheet (HDPE) YOUR STRONGEST EVERYDAY PLASTIC High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) sheet is extremely strong against impact, abrasion resistant, and exhibits a low … Remarkably, the catalytic polymerization of propylene at low pressure to polypropylene (with three different catalytic systems) was discovered within a brief period by researchers in three separate laboratories, none knowing that the others were even pursuing the problem. HDPE outperforms low density polyethylene in both physical and chemical properties. degree in chemical engineering from Oklahoma State University. To get the best possible experience using our website, we recommend that you upgrade to latest version of this browser or install another web browser. High density polyethylene plastic is most commonly known and referred to as HDPE sheet plastic. Phillips management nurtured the new plastics from laboratory discovery to commercial-scale production in less than six years — no small feat for an oil company new to the plastics industry! Between 1951 and 1953, three patent applications on the discovery of polypropylene were filed — by Hogan and Banks; A. Zletz of Standard Oil; and Karl Ziegler of the Max Planck Institute. The density of HDPE can range from 0.93 to 0.97 g/cm³. Utility pipes, Safety equipment Battery cases and trays Ordinarily, the combination would be expected to produce low-molecular-weight hydrocarbons. Polypropylene has high flexural strength due to its semi-crystalline nature. Banks went on to discover olefin metathesis, a key factor in the growth of the synthetic chemical business. As you can see, PP has the lowest … Wire insulation, Biomedical waste containers The next was to use their new chromium catalyst to produce an ethylene polymer. Dedicated November 12, 1999, at Phillips Petroleum Company (now ConocoPhillips) in Bartlesville, Oklahoma. Diversity in Chemistry Awards Made from virgin high-density film, these durable bags cost less and are 50-75% thinner than comparable low-density … It is often used to replace wood and … Paul Hogan and Robert Banks signed the patent idea describing the process by which they produced crystalline polypropylene about an hour after their discovery. CEO Lee Hinsley. Interior trim Promoting excellence in science education and outreach. In the late 1940s, as World War II ground to a halt and wartime demands for oil diminished, Phillips looked for ways to expand its product lines. The comprehensive directory provides access to full contact and ability information for sourcing professionals, engineers and researchers wishing to get information on Extrusions: Sheet, Polypropylene (PP), High Density. Polypropylene and HDPE play a role in the management of serious environmental issues. HDPE is resistant to many different solvents and has a wide variety of applications. on Tue, May 17, 2016 @ 02:45. polypropylene- Is it different from HDPE? The American Chemical Society designated the discovery of polypropylene and the development of a new high-density polyethylene process as a National Historic Chemical Landmark at Phillips Petroleum Company (now ConocoPhillips Company), on November 12, 1999. Therefore, to determine the exact density of plastic… PP, like polyethylene (see HDPE, L/LLDPE) and polybutene (PB), is a polyolefin or saturated polymer. To begin with, polypropylene is also called, "polypropene". This children's toy became so immensely popular that the demand for Marlex® soared, taking the plant's entire output for nearly six months. Phillips president Paul Endacott was so delighted that he kept a hoop in his office for impromptu demonstrations. Hogan's father, Charles, was well known in Lowes as a farmer, mechanic and proprietor of a local store. The list below gives only a small idea of the impact of these plastics, which are used in thousands of applications. The plaque commemorating the developments reads: In 1951, while attempting to convert propylene into gasoline, J. Paul Hogan and Robert L. Banks of Phillips Petroleum Company discovered polypropylene, a high-melting crystalline aliphatic hydrocarbon. Hogan's mother, Alma, taught elementary school. Banks' father, James, was a dentist in Piedmont. Learn about financial support for future and current high school chemistry teachers. Inventories piled up in the warehouses. Importantly, these plastics also have created industries that provide thousands of jobs and business opportunities in this country and around the world. Patent Office actions and the court battle that followed lasted three decades and produced volumes of testimony and scientific research. But the market had become large and diverse and Marlex®, then produced in only one grade, was unsuitable for some applications. As one of the most versatile plastic materials around, HDPE plastic is used in a wide variety of applications, including … The density of polypropylene is between 0.895 and 0.92 g/cm². High density polyethylene (HDPE) is a strong, durable, lightweight, and chemically resistant plastic material popular for a variety of applications. High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) sheet is designed to be used in the manufacturing and food processing industry as it is moisture, stain, and odor resistant. Polypropylene is readily available and relatively inexpensive. Poor resistance to hydrocarbons (aliphatic, aromatic, halogenated) 4. Several things differentiate polypropylene from HDPE. As Paul Hogan recalls it, he was standing outside the laboratory when Banks came out saying, "Hey, we've got something new coming in our kettle that we've never seen before." Moderate resistance to oils and greases 4. Find a chemistry community of interest and connect on a local and global level. HDPE is easy to fabricate and weld using thermoplastic … In 1935, he urged the company to acquire vast quantities of natural gas acreage and to pursue research on the separation of natural gas into its various components. Polypropylene is a lightweight and flexible thermoplastic that does not break when bent repeatedly. See our Browser Support/Compatibility page for supported browsers list. Banks was born two years later, in 1921, and grew up in the southeastern Missouri community of Piedmont. HDPE (high density polyethylene) is a rigid, tough plastic that offers good chemical resistance and low moisture absorption. Motor oil containers So if Hogan and Banks's discovery was in fact serendipitous, it was not accidental: Phillips had set the stage for important innovations in the uses of natural gas. These characteristics make Polypropylene the overwhelming choice for living hinges which are extremely thin pieces of plastic … Trash containers They fed propylene, along with a propane carrier, into a pipe packed with catalyst and waited for the expected results. Tanks and drums degree in chemistry and physics from Murray State University, in Murray, Kentucky, in 1942. Technical Divisions The density of polypropylene (PP) is between 0.895 and 0.92 g.cm. Their first step was to omit the nickel to be sure the chromium was acting alone. If you do not respond, everything you entered on this page will be lost and you will have to login again. Filters Sporting goods and sportswear, Basketball backboards The discovery of crystalline polypropylene and the development of HDPE launched what is now a multibillion-dollar industry. Erosion barriers Very good resistance to alcohols, dilute acids and alkalis 3. In 1998, the American Chemical Society gave Banks (posthumously) and Hogan a "Heroes of Chemistry" award for the use of petrochemicals in the automotive industries. We offer quality assured range of HDPE sheets, also known as High Density Polyethylene Sheets. Now, billions of pounds of polypropylene and high-density polyethylene are used each year in packaging of every shape and size, from milk jugs to large chemical drums; in toys, tools, furniture, and fibers; in water, sewer and gas pipes; and in auto parts. Two years later, Oberfell established one of the world's first hydrocarbon research laboratories, moving the company into new arenas in the production and marketing of fuels and of raw materials for the chemical industries. Launch and grow your career with career services and resources. Hundreds of different grades of resin are produced globally by a variety of manufacturing processes from scores of different variants on the original chromium catalyst. The density of polyethylene can vary from a low of 0.857 g/cm3 and to a maximum of 0.0975 gm/cm3. Today, chromium catalysts still account for most of the world's HDPE. Please visit the web to learn more about these very versatile plastics. Trash and lawn bags, Carpeting Both of their mothers were teachers. HDPE is stronger and more rigid than LDPE. The density of a plastic sample may change due to change in crystallinity, loss of plasticizers, absorption of solvent, etc. HDPE: high-density polyethylene HDPE is commonly used in milk and juice bottles, detergent bottles, shampoo bottles, grocery bags, and cereal box liners. Can vary from a low of 0.857 g/cm3 and to a maximum of 0.0975 gm/cm3 along with a high. Are essential materials in a variety of manufacturing industries and consumer-product companies vary from a monomer propylene. Research chemists — hogan in 1944 and Banks in 1946 fire retardant black for. 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